Both architects and draftsmen work together on construction projects, but they have different responsibilities. Their tasks require different skill sets and educational backgrounds. Here is a breakdown of both fields to help you distinguish what services you need.
These professionals design and build structures for people to work, live, eat, shop, and worship in. These structures include office buildings, homes, schools, and complexes for outdoor, indoor, public, or private use. Aside from producing aesthetically pleasing structures, architects must also make sure buildings are functional, safe, and economical. They are involved in every phase of the project, from planning to completion.
Architects use computer-aided design (CAD) software along with building information modelling (BIM) to render construction drawings. They must ensure these designs adhere to ordinances like zoning laws, fire regulations, and building codes. Architects must also keep persons with disabilities when creating these structures to make sure it is accessible.
The educational and licensing requirements for an architect are much higher than for a draftsman. They need at least a bachelor’s degree, but some might also have a master’s in the field. Some course topics might be CAD, construction methods, architectural history, math, and technology. They must also gain work experience before they graduate through internships. Working architects are expected to periodically continue their education through conferences, classes, and workshops.
Also known as drafters, they perform some similar tasks to architects and will often work alongside them. They too prepare CAD renderings, but their work can be applied to other areas besides architecture and construction. Drafts are also used to create drawings of circuitry and different mechanical layouts. Their illustrations include technical features and specs like dimensions, materials, and procedures. Draftsmen also use tables, formulas, and technical handbooks to help them make their renderings.
The type of work a draftsman does will depend on their chosen field. Architectural drafters, for example, produce drawings for new builds and could specialize in either residential or commercial buildings. Or, they could specialize in a particular material like timber, steel, or reinforced concrete. Civil drafters, on the other hand, prepare drawings for civil engineering projects like bridge and highway construction, flood-control, and sewage system projects. Aeronautics and electronics are also common drafting fields.
Draftsmen obtain their education through college training and get a certificate, diploma, or associate’s degree at technical institutes or community colleges. Draftsmen can also get training in the field through military service. Topics of study typically include sketching, design, and CAD. Unlike architects, draftsmen do not need to apply for licensing. They can also get certification in a specialized area.
While architects and draftsmen share some job duties, architects complete more education and must meet licensing requirements. Their level of expertise is better suited for an entire project. If you require sketches for some parts of your project or need a prototype on paper, contact Fastech Services Ltd. We specialize in full format construction drafts for a variety of trades like engineers, contractors, landscape designers, and architects.